Usos

De Madeiras

Lista de Usos

Observação: A fim de manter a coerência com o texto apresentado em cada uma das espécies não foi realizado nenhum trabalho de ajuste nessa lista, o que poderá deixar o usuário confuso. A intenção de manter essa coerência é a razão pela qual aparecem itens que se sobrepõem como por exemplo: “tampo”, “tampo para violão”, “tampo para bandolim” ou “escala”, “escala para guitarra”, “escala para violão” e outros.


Tabela de conteúdo

INSTRUMENTOS DE CORDA

Instrumentos acústicos
Tun/ toon/ – Toona ciliata  (indianos com certeza)
Arco
African blackwood/ mpingo /jacarandá-africano - Dalbergia melanoxylon
Gombeira - Swartzia aptera
Gombeira - Swartzia laxiflora
Ipê – Tabebuia spp.
Jatobá/ locust/ courbaril/ copal/Brazilian cherry – Hymenaea courbaril
Maçaranduba – Manilkara spp.
Maçaranduba - Manilkara elata
Muirapinima/ snakewood/ pau-cobra – Brosimum guianense
Muirapiranga/ falso-pau-brasil/ conduru – Brosimum paraense/Brosimum rubescens
Tampo
Abeto/spruce - Picea abies
Abeto-branco/silver fir -Abies alba
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
European maple/ Norway maple - Acer platanoides
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood – Balfourodendron riedelianum
Tampo arqueado
Ácer/ maple – Acer spp.
Top em corpos sólidos
Ácer/ maple – Acer spp.
Lateral e fundo
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Gombeira - Swartzia laxiflora
Gombeira - Swartzia leptopetala
Jacarandá-da-Bahia/rosewood/Brazilian rosewood/caviúna - Dalbergia nigra
Jacarandá-paulista – Machaerium villosum
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Mogno-cubano/ Cuban mahogany/ Dominician mahogany/ West Indies mahogany/ small-leaf mahogany – Swietenia mahagoni
Muirapiranga/ falso-pau-brasil/ conduru – Brosimum paraense/Brosimum rubescens
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood– Balfourodendron riedelianum
Fundo
European maple/ Norway maple - Acer platanoides
Sugar maple -Acer saccharum
Voluta, cabo e cavalete/ponte
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus
Ponte
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Jacarandá-do-méxico/ camatillo - Dalbergia congestiflora
Preciosa/ casca-preciosa – Aniba canelilla
Cavalete
Preciosa/ casca-preciosa – Aniba canelilla
Escala
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Ébano / ebony – Diospyros spp.
Gombeira - Swartzia laxiflora
Jacarandá-da-Bahia/rosewood/Brazilian rosewood/caviúna - Dalbergia nigra
Braço
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
Jacarandá-da-Bahia/rosewood/Brazilian rosewood/caviúna - Dalbergia nigra
Reforço interno
Álamo/ poplar – Populus spp.

 

Alaúde
Cipreste – Cupressus spp.
Pink ivorywood/ red ivorywood – Berchemia zeyheri
Plumwood/ ameixeira - Prunus domestica
Fundo
Teca/ teak/ sagon – Tectona grandis
Yew/ teixo – Taxus spp.

 

Baixo
Corpo
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Afzelia/makamong - Afzelia xylocarpa
Basswood/ linden – Tilia sp.
Bubinga/akume/shedua - Guibourtia demeusei
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
Freixo / ash /American ash/ white ash - Fraxinus americana
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Marupa / caxeta/ caixeta – Simarouba amara
Merbau - Intsia spp.
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Myrtle/ California laurel - Umbellularia californica
Pinho-do-paraná – Araucaria angustifolia
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii
Top
Bubinga/akume/shedua - Guibourtia demeusei
Gonçalo-alves / tigerwood – Astronium fraxinifolium
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Movingui/ African satinwood/ Nigerian satinwood – Distemonanthus      benthamianus
Braço
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
African padauk/african padouk - Pterocarpus soyauxii
Araribá/canary/canarywood - Centrolobium ochroxylum
Bocote/siricote/salmwood/laurel - Cordia elaeagnoides
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
Freixo / ash /American ash/ white ash - Fraxinus americana
Gonçalo-alves / tigerwood – Astronium fraxinifolium
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Koa – Acacia koa
Marupa / caxeta/ caixeta – Simarouba amara
Merbau - Intsia spp.
Muirapiranga/ falso-pau-brasil/ conduru – Brosimum paraense/Brosimum rubescens
Nato/ mora/ nato rojo/ mora de Guyana/ Eastern mahogany – Mora excelsa /Mora gonggrijpii 
Pinho-do-paraná – Araucaria angustifolia
Ziricote/ siricote – Cordia dodecandra
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii
Escala
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii

 

Bandolim
Tampo
Abeto/spruce - Picea abies
Adirondack spruce/red spruce - Picea rubens
Cedar/western red cedar/tuia - Thuja plicata
Engelmann spruce - Picea engelmannii
Sitka spruce - Picea sitchensis
Lateral e fundo
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Paper birch / white birch - Betula papyrifera
Fundo
Big leaf maple - Acer macrophyllum
Jarrah – Eucalyptus marginata
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus

 

Banjo
African blackwood/ mpingo /jacarandá-africano - Dalbergia melanoxylon
Granadillo / macawood/ grenadilla – Platymiscium yucatanum
Guatemalan rosewood/ jacarandá-da-guatemala - Dalbergia tucurensis
Honduras rosewood /jacarandá-de-honduras – Dalbergia stevensonii
Pau-ferro/Santos rosewood/Bolivian rosewood - Machaerium scleroxylon
Braço
Big leaf maple - Acer macrophyllum
Lateral e fundo
Freixo / ash – Fraxinus spp.
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa

 

Cavaquinho
Lateral e fundo
Freixo / ash – Fraxinus spp.
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Jatobá/ locust/ courbaril/ copal/Brazilian cherry –Hymenaea courbaril
Tampo
Abeto/spruce - Picea abies
Castelo – Casearia praecox
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood– Balfourodendron riedelianum

 

Cítara
Braço longo
Teca/ teak/ sagon – Tectona grandis

 

Contrabaixo
Arco
Angico-preto – Anadenanthera colubrina
Ipê – Tabebuia spp.
Orelha-de-onça – Zollernia ilicifolia
Orelha-de-onça – Zollernia falcata  
Pau-brasil – Caesalpinia echinata
Pau-ferro-preto/ pau-ferro-verdadeiro – Caesalpinia ferrea
Pau-santo/ pau-santo-do-pará/ coração-de-negro/ muirapinima-preta/ Brazilian blackheart – Zollernia paraensis
Roxinho/ amarante/ pau-roxo/ violeta/ purpleheart – Peltogyne spp.
Braço
Bubinga/akume/shedua - Guibourtia demeusei
Fundo, braço, voluta
Sycamore/ sycamore maple – Acer spp.
Cavalete/ponte
Ácer/ maple – Acer spp.
Cravelhas
Jacarandá-da-índia / indian rosewood -Dalbergia latifolia
Teca/ teak/ sagon – Tectona grandis

 

Guitarra
Pau-de-viola/ tucaneiro/ pombeira - Citharexylum myrianthum
Corpo
Abeto/spruce - Picea abies
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
African padauk/african padouk - Pterocarpus soyauxii
Afzelia/makamong - Afzelia xylocarpa
Agathis - Agathis spp.
Álamo/poplar – Populus spp.
Aliso/alder/common alder - Alnus glutinosa
American aspen/quaking aspen - Populus tremuloides
Araribá/araraúba/brazilian zebrawood - Centrolobium robustum
Acácia-negra/ Australian blackwood – Acacia melanoxylon  (plantada)
American basswood - Tilia americana
Banara – Banara arguta
Bocote/siricote/salmwood/laurel - Cordia elaeagnoides
Bubinga/akume/shedua - Guibourtia demeusei
Carvalho/oak – Quercus spp.
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
Cerejeira – Amburana acreana/A. cearensis  (sugerida)
Claro walnut/ california walnut / walnut – Juglans hindsii
Freijó/ freijó-verdadeiro – Cordia goeldiana
Freixo / ash /American ash/ white ash - Fraxinus americana
Freixo / ash / swamp ash / freixo-americano - Fraxinus profunda
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Koa – Acacia koa
Korina/ Limba/ Afara – Terminalia superba
Lacewood (da Austrália)/silky oak/Australian silky-oak/– Cardwellia sublimis
Macacaúba – Platymiscium ulei 
Marupa / caxeta/ caixeta – Simarouba amara
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/big-leaf  mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Morototó/ imbaubão/ mandiocão-da-mata – Schefflera morototoni
Nato/ mora/ nato rojo/ mora de Guyana/ Eastern mahogany – Mora excelsa /Mora gonggrijpii
Ovangkol/ amazique - Guibourtia ehie
Pinho-do-paraná – Araucaria angustifolia
Red alder - Alnus rubra
Sugar maple -Acer saccharum
Tauari/ tauari-branco - Couratari guianensis  (indicada)
Tauari/ tauari-amarelo - Couratari oblongifolia  (indicada)
Zebrano/zebrawood/ African zebrawood – Microberlinia brazzavillensis
Walnut/ black walnut – Juglans nigra
Top
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Álamo/poplar – Populus spp.
Araribá/canary/canarywood - Centrolobium ochroxylum
Carvalho/oak – Quercus spp.
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Mesquite / honey mesquite – Prosopis glandulosa
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood– Balfourodendron riedelianum
Zebrano/zebrawood/ African zebrawood – Microberlinia brazzavillensis
Braço
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
American basswood - Tilia americana
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
Cerejeira – Amburana acreana/A. cearensis  (sugerida)
European maple/ Norway maple - Acer platanoides
Freijó, freijó-verdadeiro – Cordia goeldiana
Freixo / ash /American ash/ white ash - Fraxinus americana
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Macacaúba – Platymiscium ulei 
Marupa / caxeta/ caixeta – Simarouba amara
Mesquite / honey mesquite – Prosopis glandulosa
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano, acaju, caoba ou big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Morototó/ imbaubão/ mandiocão-da-mata – Schefflera morototoni
Nato/ mora/ nato rojo/ mora de Guyana/ Eastern mahogany – Mora excelsa /Mora gonggrijpii
Ovangkol/ amazique - Guibourtia ehie
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood– Balfourodendron riedelianum
Pinho-do-paraná – Araucaria angustifolia
Sugar maple -Acer saccharum
Tauari/ tauari-branco - Couratari guianensis  (indicada)
Tauari/ tauari-amarelo - Couratari oblongifolia (indicada)
Walnut/ black walnut – Juglans nigra
Escala
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Andiroba – Carapa guianensis
Cerejeira – Amburana acreana/A. cearensis  (sugerida)
Macacaúba – Platymiscium ulei 
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood– Balfourodendron riedelianum
Pau-santo/ pau-santo-do-pará/ coração-de-negro/ muirapinima-preta/ Brazilian blackheart – Zollernia paraensis
Tauari/ tauari-branco - Couratari guianensis  (indicada)
Tauari/ tauari-amarelo - Couratari oblongifolia  (indicada)
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii

 

Harpa
Bubinga/akume/shedua - Guibourtia demeusei

 

Órgão
Plumwood/ ameixeira - Prunus domestica

 

Órgão-de-tubo
Carvalho/oak – Quercus spp.
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Granadillo / macawood/ grenadilla – Platymiscium yucatanum
Koa – Acacia koa
Macacaúba – Platymiscium ulei 
Paper birch / white birch - Betula papyrifera
Pau-rosa/ pau-rosa-da-áfrica/ pau-ferro/ dina/oken – Bobgunnia fistuloides
Sugar pine – Pinus lambertiana
Sweet birch / black birch - Betula lenta
Yellow birch - Betula alleghaniensis
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii
Mecanismos
Beech / european beech - Fagus sylvatica

 

Piano
Amboyna/ narrat - Pterocarpus indicus
Cedro-do-Oregon / Port Orford cedar – Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Cherry / black cherry / cerejeira – Prunus spp.
Cottonwood – Populus monilifera
Gonçalo-alves / tigerwood – Astronium fraxinifolium
Granadillo / macawood/ grenadilla – Platymiscium yucatanum
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Koa – Acacia koa
Macacaúba – Platymiscium ulei 
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Paper birch / white birch - Betula papyrifera
Pau-rosa/ pau-rosa-da-áfrica/ pau-ferro/ dina/oken – Bobgunnia fistuloides
Pera/ pearwood – Pyrus communis
Sequóia/ redwood/ California redwood – Sequoia sempervirens
Sweet birch / black birch - Betula lenta
Yellow birch - Betula alleghaniensis
Walnut/ black walnut – Juglans nigra
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii
Tábua harmônica
Abeto/spruce - Picea abies
Pinho-do-paraná – Araucaria angustifolia
Sitka spruce - Picea sitchensis
White spruce/eastern canadian spruce - Picea glauca
Mecanismos
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Beech / european beech - Fagus sylvatica
Black maple - Acer nigrum
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Partes
Agathis - Agathis spp.
Tecla
African blackwood/ mpingo /jacarandá-africano - Dalbergia melanoxylon
Amboyna/ narrat - Pterocarpus indicus
Cottonwood – Populus monilifera
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Granadillo / macawood/ grenadilla – Platymiscium yucatanum
Koa – Acacia koa
Macacaúba – Platymiscium ulei 
Paper birch / white birch - Betula papyrifera
Pau-rosa/ pau-rosa-da-áfrica/ pau-ferro/ dina/oken – Bobgunnia fistuloides
Sugar pine – Pinus lambertiana
Sweet birch / black birch - Betula lenta
Yellow birch - Betula alleghaniensis
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii

 

Rabeca
Corpo
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
Marupa / caxeta/ caixeta – Simarouba amara
Pau-de-viola - Tabebuia cassinoides

 

Uke ou Ukulele
Tampo, fundo e lateral
Nato/ mora/ nato rojo/ mora de Guyana/ Eastern mahogany – Mora excelsa /Mora gonggrijpii 
Ziricote - Cordia dodecandra
Lateral e fundo
Primavera/kula - Tabebuia donnell-smithii

 

Viola
Tampo, fundo e lateral
Curupixá – Micropholis venulosa

 

Viola de orquestra
Arco
Ipê – Tabebuia spp.
Orelha-de-onça – Zollernia ilicifolia
Pau-brasil – Caesalpinia echinata
Pau-ferro-preto/ pau-ferro-verdadeiro – Caesalpinia ferrea
Pau-santo/ pau-santo-do-pará/ coração-de-negro/ muirapinima-preta/ Brazilian blackheart – Zollernia paraensis
Roxinho/ amarante/ pau-roxo/ violeta/ purpleheart – Peltogyne spp.
Lateral e fundo
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus
Voluta, cabo e cavalete/ponte
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus
Pino, estandarte, cravelhas
Buxo/ buxinho/ boxwood - Buxus sempervirens
Jacarandá-da-índia / indian rosewood -Dalbergia latifolia
Estandarte
Jacarandá-da-Bahia/rosewood/Brazilian rosewood/caviúna - Dalbergia nigra
Ébano - Diospyros spp.
Jacarandá-paulista – Machaerium villosum
Peroba/ peroba-rosa – Aspidosperma polyneuron
Braço
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla

 

Viola caipira
Pau-de-viola – Tabebuia cassinoides
Pau-de-viola/ tucaneiro/ pombeira - Citharexylum myrianthum
Corpo escavado
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Tampo
Abeto/spruce - Picea abies
Amburana-de-espinho - Commiphora leptophloeos
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood– Balfourodendron riedelianum
Sitka spruce - Picea sitchensis
Lateral e fundo
Eucalipto – Eucalyptus sp. (plantado)
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Tauari-rosa - Couratari stellata
Escala
Sucupira – Bowdichia nitida

 

Viola-de-cocho
Corpo
Balsa – Ochroma pyramidale
Mangueira – Mangifera spp.
Sarã/ sara-de-leite/ mata-ratos – Sapium haematospermum
Ximbuva/ tamboril/ orelha-de-negro – Enterolobium contortisiliquum
Tampo
Figueira-branca – Ficus guaranitica (a raiz)
Partes que não são corpo e nem tampo
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.

 

Violão
Pau-de-viola – Tabebuia cassinoides
Tampo
Adirondack spruce/red spruce - Picea rubens
Blue spruce - Picea pungens
Bétula / birch – Betula spp.
Castelo – Casearia praecox
Cedar/western red cedar/tuia - Thuja plicata
Cedro-do-Oregon / Port Orford cedar – Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Engelmann spruce - Picea engelmannii
Freijó/ freijó-verdadeiro – Cordia goeldiana
Marupa / caxeta/ caixeta – Simarouba amara
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Morototó/ imbaubão/ mandiocão-da-mata – Schefflera morototoni
Oregon pine/ Douglas-fir – Pseudotsuga menziesii
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood– Balfourodendron riedelianum
Pinho-do-paraná – Araucaria angustifolia
Pinus – Pinus elliottii  (plantada)
Sequóia/ redwood/ California redwood – Sequoia sempervirens
Sitka spruce - Picea sitchensis
White spruce/eastern canadian spruce - Picea glauca
Lateral e fundo
Acácia-negra/ Australian blackwood – Acacia melanoxylon  (plantada)
African mahogany/acajou d’Afrique/bassam – Kaya ivorensis
African padauk/african padouk - Pterocarpus soyauxii
Afzelia/ makamong - Afzelia xylocarpa
Agathis - Agathis spp.
Amboyna/ narrat - Pterocarpus indicus
Andiroba – Carapa guianensis
Angico-preto - Anadenanthera colubrina
Bálsamo – Myroxylon peruiferum 
Big leaf maple - Acer macrophyllum
Bocote/siricote/salmwood/laurel - Cordia elaeagnoides
Bocote /freijó - Cordia trichotoma
Braúna – Melanoxylon brauna
Bubinga/akume/shedua - Guibourtia demeusei
Cedro – Cedrela spp.
Cherry / black cherry / cerejeira – Prunus spp.
Cipreste – Cupressus spp.
Claro walnut/ California walnut / walnut – Juglans hindsii
Cocobolo/ Mexican cocobolo – Dalbergia retusa
Ébano – Diospyros spp.
Faieira – lacewood da América Latina / Roupala brasiliensis
Freixo / ash /American ash/ white ash - Fraxinus americana
Gonçalo-alves / tigerwood – Astronium fraxinifolium
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Jacarandá-africano/ African blackwood/ mpingo – Dalbergia melanoxylon
Jacarandá-da-guatemala/ Guatemalan rosewood - Dalbergia tucurensis
Jacarandá-de-honduras - Dalbergia stevensonii
Jacarandá-da-índia / Indian rosewood -Dalbergia latifolia
Jacarandá-da-índia/ Indian rosewood/ sheesham/ sissoo – Dalbergia sissoo
Jacarandá-do-méxico/ camatillo - Dalbergia congestiflora
Jatobá/ locust/ courbaril/ copal/Brazilian cherry – Hymenaea courbaril
Koa – Acacia koa
Lacewood (da Austrália)/silky oak/Australian silky-oak – Cardwellia sublimis
Lacewood (da Austrália) – Grevillea robusta
Macacaúba – Platymiscium ulei 
Macacaúba – Platymiscium pinnatum 
Machiche/ black cabbage bark/Caribbean cherry – Lonchocarpus castilloi
Madrone/ strawberry tree – Arbutus menziesii
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Movingui/ African satinwood/ Nigerian satinwood – Distemonanthus benthamianus
Muirapinima – Brosimum guianense
Muninga – Pterocarpus angolensis
Myrtle/ California laurel - Umbellularia californica
Nato/ mora/ nato rojo/ mora de Guyana/ Eastern mahogany – Mora excelsa /Mora gonggrijpii 
Orelha-de-onça – Zollernia ilicifolia
Orelha-de-onça – Zollernia falcata
Osage orange – Maclura pomifera
Ovangkol/ amazique - Guibourtia ehie
Palo escrito/ Mexican rosewood - Dalbergia palo-escrito
Paper birch / white birch - Betula papyrifera
Pau-brasil – Caesalpinia echinata
Pau-ferro/Santos rosewood/Bolivian rosewood - Machaerium scleroxylon
Pau-rosa/Afican tulip - Bobgunnia madagascariensis (sin.: Swartzia madagascariensis)
Pau-violeta/ violeta/ violetwood/ jacarandá-violeta/ kingwood/ Brazilian kingwood - Dalbergia cearensis
Pink ivorywood/ red ivorywood – Berchemia zeyheri
Pinus – Pinus elliottii  (plantada)
Primavera/ gold tree – Tabebuia donnell-smithii (sin.: Cybistax donnell-smithii)
Roxinho – Peltogyne spp.
Sapele/ sapeli/ sapele-mahogany – Entandrophragma cylindricum
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus
Tauari-rosa - Couratari stellata
Tasmanian myrtle – Nothofagus cunninghamii
Zebrano/zebrawood/ African zebrawood – Microberlinia brazzavillensis
Ziricote/ siricote – Cordia dodecandra
Walnut/ black walnut – Juglans nigra
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii
Fundo
Cedar/western red cedar/tuia - Thuja plicata
Braço
Andiroba – Carapa guianensis
Big leaf maple - Acer macrophyllum
Cedar/western red cedar/tuia - Thuja plicata
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
Korina/ Limba/ Afara – Terminalia superba
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Nato/ mora/ nato rojo/ mora de Guyana/ Eastern mahogany – Mora excelsa /Mora gonggrijpii 
Pinus – Pinus elliottii  (plantada)
Ponte
Pau-ferro/Santos rosewood/Bolivian rosewood - Machaerium scleroxylon
Estruturas internas
Pinus – Pinus elliottii  (plantada)
Escala
Ácer/ maple – Acer spp.

 

Violão flamenco
Fundo e lateral
Cerejeira – Amburana acreana/A. cearensis

 

Violão portoriquenho/cuatros
Blue mahoe – Hibiscus elatus

 

Violino
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Granadillo / macawood/ grenadilla – Platymiscium yucatanum
Koa – Acacia koa
Macacaúba – Platymiscium ulei 
Fundo
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus
Voluta, cabo e cavalete/ponte
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus
Pino, estandarte, cravelhas
Buxo/buxinho/boxwood - Buxus sempervirens
Estandarte
Jacarandá-da-Bahia/rosewood/Brazilian rosewood/caviúna - Dalbergia nigra
Ébano - Diospyros spp.
Jacarandá-paulista – Machaerium villosum
Peroba/ peroba-rosa – Aspidosperma polyneuron
Arco
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Granadillo / macawood/ grenadilla – Platymiscium yucatanum
Ipê – Tabebuia spp.
Koa – Acacia koa
Macacaúba – Platymiscium ulei 
Pau-brasil – Caesalpinia echinata
Roxinho/ amarante/ pau-roxo/ violeta/ purpleheart – Peltogyne spp.
Yew/ common yew/european yew/teixo comum ou europeu -Taxus baccata
Cravelha
Teca/ teak/ sagon – Tectona grandis

 

Violoncelo
Merbau - Intsia spp.
Pau-santo/ pau-santo-do-pará/ coração-de-negro/ muirapinima-preta/ Brazilian blackheart – Zollernia paraensis
Arco
Angico-preto – Anadenanthera colubrina
Ipê – Tabebuia spp.
Orelha-de-onça – Zollernia ilicifolia
Orelha-de-onça – Zollernia falcata  
Pau-brasil – Caesalpinia echinata
Pau-ferro-preto/ pau-ferro-verdadeiro – Caesalpinia ferrea
Roxinho/ amarante/ pau-roxo/ violeta/ purpleheart – Peltogyne spp.
Lateral e fundo
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus
Voluta, cabo e cavalete/ponte
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus
Pino, estandarte, cravelhas
Buxo/buxinho/boxwood - Buxus sempervirens

 

OUTROS
Braço
Ipê – Tabebuia spp.

 

Braço laminado
Roxinho/ amarante/ pau-roxo/ violeta/ purpleheart – Peltogyne spp.

 

Escala
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
African blackwood/ mpingo /jacarandá-africano - Dalbergia melanoxylon
Andiroba – Carapa guianensis
Araribá/canary/canarywood - Centrolobium ochroxylum
Bálsamo – Myroxylon peruiferum 
Blue mahoe – Hibiscus elatus
Braúna – Melanoxylon brauna
Bubinga/akume/shedua - Guibourtia demeusei
Buxo/buxinho/boxwood - Buxus sempervirens
Ébano / ebony – Diospyros spp.
Ipê – Tabebuia spp.
Jacarandá-da-Bahia/rosewood/Brazilian rosewood/caviúna - Dalbergia nigra
Jacarandá-da-índia / indian rosewood -Dalbergia latifolia
Jatobá/ locust/ courbaril/ copal/Brazilian cherry – ‘‘Hymenaea courbaril’’
Louro-vermelho – Ocotea rubra
Muirapinima/ snakewood/ pau-cobra – Brosimum guianense
Muirapiranga/ falso-pau-brasil/ conduru – Brosimum paraense/Brosimum rubescens
Pau-ferro/Santos rosewood/Bolivian rosewood - Machaerium scleroxylon
Pau-ferro-preto/ pau-ferro-verdadeiro – Caesalpinia ferrea
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood– Balfourodendron riedelianum
Pau-santo/ pau-santo-do-pará/ coração-de-negro/ muirapinima-preta/ Brazilian blackheart – Zollernia paraensis
Pau-violeta/ violeta/ violetwood/ jacarandá-violeta/ kingwood/ Brazilian kingwood - Dalbergia cearensis
Pequiá – Caryocar sp.
Preciosa/ casca-preciosa – Aniba canelilla
Roxinho/ amarante/ pau-roxo/ violeta/ purpleheart – Peltogyne spp.
Sebastião-arruda/ sebastião-de-arruda/ jacarandá-rosa/ bois de rose/ tulipwood/ Brazilian tulipwood - Dalbergia decipularis
Ziricote/ siricote – Cordia dodecandra
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii

 

Ponte/cavalete
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Braúna – Melanoxylon brauna
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Ipê – Tabebuia spp.
Jacarandá-da-Bahia/rosewood/Brazilian rosewood/caviúna - Dalbergia nigra
Jacarandá-paulista – Machaerium villosum
Preciosa/ casca-preciosa – Aniba canelilla
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus

 

Tampo harmônico (soundboards/sounding boards)
American basswood - Tilia americana
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Granadillo / macawood/ grenadilla – Platymiscium yucatanum
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Paper birch / white birch - Betula papyrifera
Sweet birch / black birch - Betula lenta

 

 

INSTRUMENTOS DE PERCUSSÃO

Albizia / lebbeck - Albizia lebbeck
Albizia - Albizia versicolor 
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Morototó/ imbaubão/ mandiocão-da-mata – Schefflera morototoni
Movingui/ African satinwood/ Nigerian satinwood – Distemonanthus benthamianus
Pau-brasil – Caesalpinia echinata
Pau-ferro-preto/ pau-ferro-verdadeiro – Caesalpinia ferrea

 

Baqueta
Bétula / birch – Betula spp.
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Granadillo / macawood/ grenadilla – Platymiscium yucatanum
Hickory – Carya spp.
Jatobá/ locust/ courbaril/ copal/Brazilian cherry – ‘‘Hymenaea courbaril’’
Paper birch / white birch - Betula papyrifera
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood– Balfourodendron riedelianum
Pau-rosa/ pau-rosa-da-áfrica/ pau-ferro/ dina/oken – Bobgunnia fistuloides
Sweet birch / black birch - Betula lenta
Tun/ toon/ – Toona ciliata
Yellow birch - Betula alleghaniensis
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii

 

Bateria
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
African padauk/african padouk - Pterocarpus soyauxii
Afzelia/makamong - Afzelia xylocarpa
Afzelia/chanfuta - Afzelia quanzensis
Agathis - Agathis spp.
Amboyna/ narrat - Pterocarpus indicus
American basswood - Tilia americana
Árvore-da-chuva/raintree/ saman/ monkey-pod - Pithecellobium saman
Banara – Banara arguta
Bétula / birch – Betula spp.
Bubinga/akume/shedua - Guibourtia demeusei
Canjerana – Cabralea canjerana
Carvalho/oak – Quercus spp.
Cherry / black cherry / cerejeira – Prunus spp.
Chechen / black poisonwood – Metopium brownei
Chokte kok / redheart / cacahuate – Simira salvadorensis
Claro walnut/ California walnut / walnut – Juglans hindsii
Faia / beech / European beech - Fagus sylvatica
Faia / beech /American beech - Fagus grandifolia
Freixo / ash /American ash/ white ash - Fraxinus americana
Goiabão / bapeva / bapeba/ marfim-imperial – Chrysophyllum lucentifolium subsp. pachycarpum
Gonçalo-alves / tigerwood – Astronium fraxinifolium
Granadillo / macawood/ grenadilla – Platymiscium yucatanum
Guapuruvu / pinho-cuiabano – Schizolobium parahyba
Hickory – Carya spp.
Imbuia – Ocotea porosa
Jacareúba/ guanandi/ landi/ santa-maria – Calophyllum brasiliense
Jarrah – Eucalyptus marginata
Jatobá/ locust/ courbaril/ copal/Brazilian cherry – ‘‘Hymenaea courbaril’’
Koa – Acacia koa
Lacewood (da Austrália)/silky oak/Australian silky-oak – Grevillea robusta
Machiche/ black cabbage bark/Caribbean cherry – Lonchocarpus castilloi
Merbau - Intsia spp.
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla
Osage orange – Maclura pomifera
Poplar/ yellow poplar/ tulipeiro – Liriodendron tulipifera
Red elm/ slippery elm/ gray elm – Ulmus rubra
Roxinho/ amarante/ pau-roxo/ violeta/ purpleheart – Peltogyne spp.
Sugar maple -Acer saccharum
Zebrano/zebrawood/ African zebrawood – Microberlinia brazzavillensis
Wenge/ panga-panga - Millettia laurentii
White walnut/ butternut – Juglans cinerea

 

Berimbau
Biriba - Eschweilera ovata
Araçá
Canela
Conduru
Maricá
Pau-d’arco
Pau-pereira/guatambu
Pau-pombo
Taipoca

 

Cajon
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
Freijó/ freijó-verdadeiro – Gerascanthus goeldianus

 

Castanhola
Cocobolo/ jacarandá-do-méxico/ mexican cocobolo - Dalbergia retusa

 

Pandeiro
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
Jenipapo-branco – Genipa americana
Pinho-do-paraná – Araucaria angustifolia

 

Pandeirão
Jenipapo-branco – Genipa americana

 

Tambores
Atabaques
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.
Mogno/ mahogany/ honduras mahogany/ aguano/ acaju/ caoba/ big-leaf mahogany – Swietenia macrophylla

 

Bongôs
Carvalho/oak – Quercus spp.
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.

 

Congas
Cedro / spanish cedar – Cedrela spp.

 

Djembês
Afzelia/doussié/lingu - Afzelia africana

 

Tambores indianos
Indian rosewood/ sheesham/ sissoo/ jacaranda-da-índia – Dalbergia sissoo

 

Tambores tradicionais indígenas (EUA)
Cedar/western red cedar/tuia - Thuja plicata

 

Xilofone e marimba
African blackwood/ mpingo /jacaranda-africano - Dalbergia melanoxylon
Amboyna/ narrat - Pterocarpus indicus
Cocobolo/ jacarandá-do-méxico/ Mexican cocobolo - Dalbergia retusa
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Guatemalan rosewood/ jacarandá-da-guatemala - Dalbergia tucurensis
Honduras rosewood /jacarandá-de-honduras – Dalbergia stevensonii
Jacarandá-da-índia / indian rosewood -Dalbergia latifolia
Jacarandá-do-pará/jacarandá-preto/Amazon rosewood - Dalbergia spruceana
Koa – Acacia koa
Macacaúba – Platymiscium ulei
Pau-rosa/ pau-rosa-da-áfrica/ pau-ferro/ dina/oken – Bobgunnia fistuloides
Sebastião-arruda/ sebastião-de-arruda/ jacarandá-rosa/ bois de rose/ tulipwood/ Brazilian tulipwood - Dalbergia decipularis
Teca/ teak/ sagon – Tectona grandis (balafon)

 

 

INSTRUMENTOS DE SOPRO

African blackwood/ mpingo /jacaranda-africano - Dalbergia melanoxylon
Buxo/ buxinho/ boxwood - Buxus sempervirens
Cocobolo/ jacarandá-do-méxico/ mexican cocobolo - Dalbergia retusa
Cocuswood / green ebony / brown ebony – Brya ebenus
European hornbeam / charme / charmille / hornbeam – Carpinus betulus
Jacarandá-do-pará/jacarandá-preto/Amazon rosewood - Dalbergia spruceana
Pau-ferro-preto/ pau-ferro-verdadeiro – Caesalpinia ferrea
Pêra/ pearwood – Pyrus communis

 

Clarinete
African blackwood/ mpingo /jacarandá-africano - Dalbergia melanoxylon
Bálsamo – Myroxylon peruiferum 
Cocuswood / green ebony / brown ebony – Brya ebenus
Plumwood/ ameixeira - Prunus domestica

 

Didgeridoo (flauta grande)
Teca/ teak/ sagon – Tectona grandis

 

Fagote
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus

 

Flauta
African blackwood/ mpingo /jacaranda-africano - Dalbergia melanoxylon
Cocuswood / green ebony / brown ebony – Brya ebenus
Freixo / ash / European ash / English ash /common ash - Fraxinus excelsior
Guatemalan rosewood/ jacarandá-da-guatemala - Dalbergia tucurensis
Honduras rosewood /jacarandá-de-honduras – Dalbergia stevensonii
Laburnun/ laburnan/ falso-ébano – Laburnum anagyroides
Oliveira/ olive wood – Olea europea
Pau-amarelo/ yellowheart/ satinwood (do Brasil) – Euxylophora paraensis
Pau-ferro/Santos rosewood/Bolivian rosewood - Machaerium scleroxylon
Pau-violeta/ violeta/ violetwood/ jacarandá-violeta/ kingwood/ Brazilian kingwood - Dalbergia cearensis
Plumwood/ ameixeira - Prunus domestica
Sebastião-arruda/ sebastião-de-arruda/ jacarandá-rosa/ bois de rose/ tulipwood/ Brazilian tulipwood - Dalbergia decipularis
Sycamore / sycamore maple - Acer pseudoplatanus
Yew/ teixo – Taxus spp.

 

Flautas tradicionais indígenas (EUA)
Cedar/western red cedar/tuia - Thuja plicata

 

Gaita-de-fole
Ácer/maple - Acer spp.
African blackwood/ mpingo /jacaranda-africano - Dalbergia melanoxylon
Brazilian blackheart – Zollernia paraensis
Buxo/buxinho/boxwood - Buxus sempervirens
Cocuswood / green ebony / brown ebony – Brya ebenus
Freixo / ash / European ash / English ash /common ash - Fraxinus excelsior
Ipê – Tabebuia spp. (indicada)
Jacarandá-da-Bahia/rosewood/Brazilian rosewood/caviúna - Dalbergia nigra
Jatobá/ locust/ courbaril/ copal/Brazilian cherry – Hymenaea courbaril
Laburnun/ laburnan/ falso-ébano – Laburnum anagyroides
Montpellier maple/engelgue/zelha - Acer monspessulanum
Pau-marfim/guatambu/Brazilian ivorywood– Balfourodendron riedelianum
Pau-santo/ pau-santo-do-pará/ coração-de-negro/ muirapinima-preta/ Brazilian blackheart – Zollernia paraensis
Peroba/ peroba-rosa – Aspidosperma polyneuron

 

Harmônios indianos
Teca/ teak/ sagon – Tectona grandis

 

Oboé
African blackwood/ mpingo /jacaranda-africano - Dalbergia melanoxylon
Cocuswood / green ebony / brown ebony – Brya ebenus
Laburnun/ laburnan/ falso-ébano – Laburnum anagyroides

 

Palheta
Cana-da-índia – Arundo donax  (plantada)

 

Pente de gaita diatônica
Açoita-cavalo - Lueheopsis duckeana
Ipê / ipê-amarelo / ipê-tabaco - Tabebuia serratifolia
Pêra/ pearwood – Pyrus communis
Plumwood/ ameixeira - Prunus domestica

 

Pícolo
Cocuswood / green ebony / brown ebony – Brya ebenus

 

INSTRUMENTOS MUSICAIS EM GERAL

Álamo/ poplar/ choupo tremedor – Populus tremula
Albizia – Falcataria moluccana
Asian rosewood/ Burmese rosewood - Dalbergia oliveri
Basswood/ lime/ linden/ european linden – Tilia cordata
Buckeye – Aesculus spp.
Buckeye - Aesculus octandra
Buckeye - Aesculus turbinata
Cape box/ African boxwood – Buxus macowanii
Gabiroba – Campomanesia xanthocarpa
Gombeira - Swartzia cubensis
Jacarandá-do-cerrado/ caviúna-do-cerrado - Dalbergia miscolobium
Japanese buckeye – Aesculus octandra
Oliveira/ olive wood - Olea welwitschii
Satinwood (do Sudeste Asiático)/ Ceylon satinwood - Chloroxylon swietenia
Satinwood (do Caribe)/ West Indian satinwood – Zanthoxylum flavum
Tambootie/ African sandalo – Spirostachys africana
Yellow buckeye – Aesculus turbinata
Wild cherry/ sweet cherry – Prunus avium

 

ACESSÓRIOS

Microfone
Faieira / lacewood da América Latina - Roupala montana
Jatobá/ locust/ courbaril/ copal/Brazilian cherry – Hymenaea courbaril
Ferramentas pessoais
Línguas